The pull-ups to the crossbar is one of the most important basic exercises. At runtime, many muscle groups are involved, allowing you to adjust the load on the spine, expand the latissimus and rhomboid muscles of the back. But not everyone can immediately master them. Negative pull-ups can come in to help.
What are they needed for?
What is a negative pull-up? This is a semi-phase basic exercise that uses muscles in the peak state of the load, and helps to pass the phase of 30 degrees.
The 30 degree phase is an articular barrier that requires maximum use of the biceps flexor of the arm, the press and the widest muscles. Often, in the absence of sufficient physical training, it is the joint barrier that prevents the athlete from learning to pull himself up completely.
Negative push-ups are needed for the following reasons:
- Help to learn to pass the barrier 30 degrees;
- Excellent as the last approach in the set;
- Allows you to change the emphasis of the load from the widest to the biceps.
In addition, this type of exercise is a good complement to the pull-up program for strength .
How to perform?
There are two basic techniques for doing the exercise:
- Homemade, using a stool;
The setting of the hands, affects only the emphasis between the muscles, in general, the technique of negative pull-ups for direct and reverse grip does not differ.
To carry out negative pull-ups in the home and outdoors, you need a stand, for example, a stool. Before performing, you need to climb onto the stool so that your hands are 90 degrees relative to the crossbar. Next, with a jerk, perform the ascent to the upper phase, slowly descend, trying to stay as far as possible at the top. Repeat until exhausted.
It is important to maintain the body in a level state. No bent legs. Since in this case, the center of gravity changes, and the load on the lower parts of the latissimus muscles of the back decreases several times.
A special simulator with counterweights is used. To perform a negative pull-up, it is necessary to install a counterweight in the simulator in 90-95% of the total weight. Next, perform a full pull to the crossbar, then slowly lower, removing the legs from a special stand.
Variations on the theme
There is a huge number of variations on the topic of negative pull-ups. In particular, it is:
- Variant of exercise with reverse grip;
- Hands in the castle;
- One-handed option;
- Using a special simulator (on counterweights);
- Wide setting of hands.
Each of them changes the emphasis, and helps to achieve significant progress in the development of the back and most importantly, with the help of negative pull-ups on the bar, you can finally master the full version of the exercise. This is especially true for beginning athletes, or athletes of a large weight category.
|An exercise||Accent||How to perform|
|Reverse grip||Biceps||Hang on the bar with your hands to yourself|
|One-Handed Option||Muscles of the press and cortex||Hanging on one hand, keeping the vertical position of the case|
|Counterweights||Absent||Using a special block simulator|
|Wide setting of hands||The widest back muscles||The hands are placed on the palm of the hand wider than the shoulders|
|Hands in the castle||Strengthening the muscles of the forearm||The thumb is not opposed to the rest|
Naturally, everyone understands that negative pull-ups on the bar are needed solely as an intermediate exercise, or the latter in supersets on the back. For beginners, a 6 week program of negative pull-ups is suitable.
After reaching the maximum result, you can go to the classic pull-up to the crossbar, using the same principles.
|1 Week||5 approaches 8 times, with a gradual increase by 1 times every day|
|2 weeks||5 approaches 16 times, with a gradual increase by 2 times every day|
|3 week||5 approaches 23 times, with a gradual increase 3 times each day|
|4 week||5 approaches for 30 times, with a gradual increase by 3 times every day|
|5 week||5 approaches 40 times, with a gradual increase 4 times each day|
|6 week||5 approaches 50 times, with a gradual increase by 5 times every day|
The benefits of negative pull-ups are the ability to independently adjust the load, and bring the general training to the refusal form. This in turn significantly increases the power endurance.
It should be noted that in the presence of a block simulator, the need for negative pull-ups is completely reduced to zero, since such a differentiation of loads can be carried out independently, changing the weight on the block. However, pull-ups, including backlinks, have a number of significant advantages over the sports equipment:
- A more natural load in view of the normal trajectory of motion;
- Less injuries to the joints;
- Ability to use in supersets;
- Involvement of the muscles of the bark and the press.
But the most important advantage is the fixed weight, due to which – to conduct training without the risk of getting “re-shredded”, it is possible every day, which will greatly accelerate the process of increasing the efficiency of the muscular systems, together with an increase in glycogen stores in muscle tissues.
And most importantly, negative pull-ups – this is the only exercise that allows you to learn to pull those who have never been able to pull themselves up. In addition, with a full 6-week course, a person of any complexion will be able to perform up to 10 full-fledged pull-ups in 3 approaches, which will allow switching to more progressive training programs to increase the strength of the back.